Is it legal if my employer takes away bonuses if you call in sick?
Question Details: However, the law states that if I have and use sick leave they may not retaliate against me for calling out sick.
It depends on what kind of a bonus it is. If it is based on a written agreement with specified targets to earn the bonus and you hit those targets, they cannot do this: you had a right to the bonus in this situation, and taking away something to which you have a right would be illegal retaliation.
If it is a discretionary bonus, or one where there is no guaranty of getting it and the employer is free to decide whether, when, and how much of a bonus to give, then you had no right to or guaranty of it. Not having a right to it, nothing was taken away if the employer decided, as is the employer's right in a discretionary bonus case, to not give it to you. It's like if a friend had offered to take you to dinner, but then got angry at you and decided not to--you have no right to force him to pay for your dinner. Similarly, you have no right to be paid a discretionary bonus, so the employer can decide to not pay it for any reason whatsoever and that is legal.