Which option is the quickest, easiest and the most convenient to use regarding immigration?
Question Details: I'm a Colombian physics teacher who has a Colombian equivalent to a bachelor degree called Pregrado. My wife is a chemistry teacher, she has a masters degree from a Colombian university too. I also have a 14 year old son who is in the Colombian equivalent to an American 9th grade. We want to immigrate to the U.S., so we first thought of my sister, whos an U.S naturalized citizen to petition for us with a family petition form. Then we thought of calling some schools there where my sister lives and make ourselves hired so we could ask for an EB-2 visa. We also looked up some J-1 programs for teachers but they are only 3 years long, so we thought about the adjustment of status by asking for the same EB-2 visa there in the U.S.
EB2 option would be the fastest option for you but even that will take a while. In the meantime, if you do get a job offer from a school that can petition for you or your wife or both, you can also try to get a H-1B visa that will allow you to work lawfully in the US while the green card petition is pending. THis is something that is subject to an annual cap and is not a guarantee. The petition through your sister as the petitioner will take about 10-12 years so it is probably not the solution that you want to pursue.