If your child has lived with you 100% of the time for the past year, can you take them as a tax deduction even though your shared parenting plan provides otherwise?

Question Details: In their plan agreement, my friend is to be able to use her daughter as a tax deduction every third year. Last year was not such a year, however her 17 year old daughter lived with her 100% (and for 5 months prior). I would think the Federal government tax guidelines would supersede the agreement in this case, correct?

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