Can the landlord refuse to renew my lease if I complain about his poor renovation?
I began subletting an apartment in 09/09 but signed a lease with landlord in Nov. He promised a "dream" renovation as he called it but therefore would raise the rent by 25% to 1250. He did a horrible job, put the cheapest stuff in, some of it malfunctioning. I'd like to complain and see if he can improve things but am worried he might just not renew my lease in 11/10. Can he do that, or do I have a right to renewal if I pay on time and he has no complaints about me? I'm not rent controlled and the sublet in the beginning turned out to be illegal, so when I signed the agreed rent was $1250.
No, unfortunately there is no general right to renew leases, or obligation on the landlord's part to renew them. If the lease itself contains a term giving you a right to renew, that's different and would be enforced. Or if you and the landlord had an agreement that you would have the right to renew as long as you did something, that agreement--a contract (even a verbal one) to allow you to renew might be enforceable. However, without some agreement in the lease or otherwise that you have the right to renew, the landlord could refuse to allow you to do.
If you had an agreement with the landlord that he would perform certain renovations in exchange for a rent increase, and the renovations are unacceptable (though that is subjective, and may be difficult to prove), you may be able to sue the landlord the basis he breached contract and recover damages, such as the increase in rent.
You may wish to consult with a lawyer with landlord-tenant experience, who can review any agreements (including the lease) and any correspondence with the landlord and advise you of your rights.